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The following article is excerpted 
from chapter XXVI of: 
"MAKING FRIENDS IS OUR BUSINESS",
100 Years of Anheuser Busch, by 
Roland Krebs in collaboration 
with Percy J. Orthwein.

Thanks to, Mary Louise Brown of 
the Archives Department, 
Anheuser Busch Company,
Reprinted with permission.
 
 
 
 
 



		
			HOW THE DIESEL ENGINE CAME TO AMERICA

The BUSCH-SULZER Bros. Diesel Engine Company was another of the
enterprises founded by Adolphus Busch and carried on independently
of the brewery operation. The plant was located at Second and Utah
streets in St. Louis.

Adolphus Busch, in 1897, obtained the American rights to build Diesels. He
retained the inventor, Dr. Rudolph Diesel, as consultant, and the
company's first engine was installed in the Anheuser Busch power plant in
1898. As now is well known, the Diesel engine operates very economically,
using crude oil as fuel. It has no ignition as does the engine of the motor
car. The oil, after being vaporized, is subjected to such great pressure in
the cylinder, that the resultant heat reaches intensity, enough to explode
the compressed gas.

In the early days the Diesel engine was untried in this country for quite
a few years. There was some skepticism as to its efficiency, but as time
went on, the Diesel demonstrated year after year that it was a formidable
competitor of the steam engine.

Busch-Sulzer concentrated on stationary and marine Diesels. Many of its
engines wereinstalled in oceangoing ships and also large ferry boats.
Another big market for Busch-Sulzer Diesels was the public utility field.
Many municipalities, the country over generate electricity with
Busch-Sulzer engines.

With the outbreak of World War I, the Navy Department requested
Busch-Sulzer to undertake the design of several types and sizes of
submarine Diesels up to 2,500 horsepower; an assignment which no other
firm was qualified by experience to take or cared to undertake. August
A. Busch, Sr., immediately acceded to the Navy's request and the entire
capacity of the plant was reserved for Navy Diesels for the duration of
the war.

When the war was over, the Diesel was well established in the public mind
as a tried and proved prime mover.  In the years immediately following
World War I, Busch-Sulzer finally began to become a profitable operation
and it so continued until the great depression which began in 1929.

The company was again  in a  position to serve this country during war. The
company responded to a request of the Navy Bureau of Ordinance to undertake
the production of some particularly difficult antiaircraft ordinance.
Busch-Sulzer also manufactured many types of Diesel engines for the Army,
the Navy, the Merchant Marine and for our wartime allies.

Upon conclusion of World War II, the company and its properties and good
will were acquired by the Nordborg Manufacturing Company of Milwaukee,
Wisconsin.

The Nordberg company was an old, established manufacturer of Diesels and
worthy in every respect of carrying on the Busch-Sulzer traditions.

Footnote: Elroy Wilke, a Sub Vet with considerable experience on a variety
of submarine Diesel engines, recalls the Busch-Sulzer engines were used in
three "V" class boats, BARRACUDA, BASS and BONITA. Additional research
shows the BARACUDA (SS- 163), formerly the V- 1, the BASS (SS-164.),
formerly, the V-2 and BONITA (SS-165), formerly the V-3 were Portsmouth
Navy Yard boats, commissioned in 1924, '25 and '26. They were disposed of
in 1945.

Other US Submarines that had Busch Sulzer Diesels when they were
commissioned. From the Submarine Data Book Listed by:

HULL #		NAME		HP	COMMISSIONING DATE
SS-31		G-3		1200            03/22/15
SS-44		L-5		1200            02/17/18
SS-45		L-6		1200            02/07/17
SS-46		L-7		1200            02/07/17
SS-48		L-8		1200            08/30/17
SS-56		N-4		  600            06/15/18
SS-57		N-5		  600            06/13/18
SS-58		N-6		  600            07/09/18
SS-59		N-7		  600            06/15/18
SS-74		O-13		1000            11/27/18
SS-75		O-14		1000            10/01/18
SS-76		O-76		1000            08/27/18
SS-77		O-16		1000            08/01/18
SS-98		R-21		1000            06/17/19
SS-99		R-22		1000            08/01/19
SS-100		R-23		1000            10/23/19
SS-101		R-24		1000            06/27/19
SS-102		R-25		1000            10/23/19
SS-104		R-27		1000            09/03/19
SS-106		S-2		1800            05/25/20
SS-159		S-48		1800            10/14/22
SS-160		S-50		1800            05/20/22
SS-162		S-57		1800            06/24/22
SS-163		BARRACUDA	4100            10/01/24
SS-164		BASS		4100            09/26/25
SS-165		BONITA	4100            05/22/26
We trained on these O Boats, sailed on the S boats, overhauled the rest
of them.



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